The organs of Paris
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Abbey

John    Abbey    (1785-1859)    was    an    English organ   builder,   who   went   to   Paris   in   1825 on   the   invitation   of   Sébastien   Érard,   the celebrated   harp   and   pianoforte   maker,   to work    upon    several    organs    which    Érard had     designed,     e.g.     an     organ     for     the Exhibition   of   the   Productions   of   National Industry    in    1827    which    won    the    Grand Médaille d’or. Abbey     became     soon     a     leading     organ     builder     in     France     and elsewhere.   He   built   the   first   choir   organ   in   Paris   (at   St.   Etienne-du- Mont).   The   firm   was   well-known   in   the   1920’s   as   builder   of   cinema- organs. John   Abbey   introduced   several   innovative   techniques   from   England, among   which   the   swell   case   (!),   a   balanced   key-action,   pedal   controls for    changing    the    stops,    free    reeds,    the    Dulciana    stop    and    an improved winding system (bellows invented by Cummins). After   his   death   in   1859,   the   firm   was   continued   by   his   two   sons, Eugène   (Edwin)   Abbey   (1840-1895)   and   John   Albert   Abbey   (1843- 1930).    Eugène's    son    John-Marie    Abbey    (1886-1931)    was    the    last builder in the family; the firm closed in 1935. The   most   important   organ   of   Abbey   in   the   Parisian   region   is   the organs   of   St   Vincent-de-Paul   in   Clichy-la-Garenne   (a   suburb   of   Paris), which is still in its original state.
Organs of Paris

Abbey

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John   Abbey   (1785-1859)   was   an   English   organ   builder,   who   went   to Paris   in   1825   on   the   invitation   of   Sébastien   Érard,   the   celebrated harp    and    pianoforte    maker,    to    work    upon    several    organs    which Érard    had    designed,    e.g.    an    organ    for    the    Exhibition    of    the Productions    of    National    Industry    in    1827    which    won    the    Grand Médaille d’or. Abbey     became     soon     a     leading     organ     builder     in     France     and elsewhere.   He   built   the   first   choir   organ   in   Paris   (at   St.   Etienne-du- Mont).   The   firm   was   well-known   in   the   1920’s   as   builder   of   cinema- organs. John   Abbey   introduced   several   innovative   techniques   from   England, among   which   the   swell   case   (!),   a   balanced   key-action,   pedal   controls for    changing    the    stops,    free    reeds,    the    Dulciana    stop    and    an improved winding system (bellows invented by Cummins). After   his   death   in   1859,   the   firm   was   continued   by   his   two   sons, Eugène   (Edwin)   Abbey   (1840-1895)   and   John   Albert   Abbey   (1843- 1930).    Eugène's    son    John-Marie    Abbey    (1886-1931)    was    the    last builder in the family; the firm closed in 1935. The   most   important   organ   of   Abbey   in   the   Parisian   region   is   the organs   of   St   Vincent-de-Paul   in   Clichy-la-Garenne   (a   suburb   of   Paris), which is still in its original state.